Wearing the Sword
The above steps illustrate the correct method on wearing a sword. The rope is attached to the belt so the enemy cannot steal your sword. In the last picture you will see the thumb is holding the Guard. This will help on your initial draw as well as the sword not being stolen or coming out of the sheave when bowing. Below are two videos. The one on the left shows how to bow with a sword, whilst the one on the right shows what happens if you don't follow this method!!
Taking the Sword Off and Securing the Blade for safety
The above method for removing the sword is the same as wearing the sword, only backwards. It is of utmost importance that you tie your sword off at the end of your training. Owning a weapon needs a high level of responsibility from the owner. Only 16 year old students and over are allowed to practice with a training sword. Any students younger than 16 are asked to practice with a wooden sword. This is non-negotiable.
How to pack your sword away
The sword grip is very important. The left hand is regarded as the "break" and the right hand is regarded as the direction and dragging of the cut. To make the grip effective, as the first picture shows, you need to be one figure away from the Guard, whilst the left hand barely has the little finger having contact with the handle. Both V parts of the hand, between the thumb and the index finger, must be on the part of the handle facing you. When gripping the handle, as illustrated in the video above, pretend in your mind that you are wringing a rag. The Butt part of the handle (end part) has to be one fist away from the belly, arms must be straight. Eyes focused in front as if you are looking at a distant mountain.
How to take the Sword out for initial attack
In the initial attack, whilst removing the sword from the sheave, the method of striking is not performed using muscular effort, however, the 'catapult effect' of the end of the sword blade coming out of the sheave and the wrist movement flicking horizontally. The end of the handle must come into contact with the right forearm to complete the movement.
Sword Hyung - Initial Steps
The last two pictures illustrate that you need to position your elbows beside your ears, so you can see potential enemies on your left and right prior to cutting.
The above common mistakes are that the sword has been prepared for the second cut by taking a longer route, thus, making it slower.
Blood Removal & Re-sheaving
The blood removal should all be the same speed. If you start fast, you finish fast. If you start slow, you finish slow. The last quarter of the blade should be exaggerated and much slower whilst looking at the enemy on the floor dead. In the video on the right, the opening of the sheave is barely visible. This is done intentionally and should never been shown to the opponent. It maybe difficult to re-sheave your sword, but everything is difficult in the beginning. Practice makes perfect.
Sword Positioning after cut and footwork
When practicing your cuts/hyungs, the initial drawing of the sword should be done without the blade edge dragging against your sheave. The end of the sword (handle) has to be facing the point you are aiming for. Hand approaches handle from below between the thumb and the index finger, whilst your left hand is securing the sword still in the sheave. Upon releasing the sword, notice in the video that the sword was raised in a higher position from the side of the body and not prepared in front of the body to be raised. The finishing point, after the vertical cut, the tip of the sword should be one inch lower then the Guard (at the end of the grip of the sword). Notice how the blood removal is all at the same speed. A small tip: once re-sheaving the sword, push the rope down to ensure you have freedom of movement of the sheave.
Walking long distance with the Sword
It is considered disrespectful to walk long distance with the sword in ready position. This shows a lack of trust between yourself and others. Long distance walking must be performed as above to ensure etiquette is practiced within the DoJang.